Volume 1 Issue 4

Issue 4:

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Paper 1:

Title : MOBILE AVOIDANCE USING JAMMER AND COLLISION AVOIDANCE

Author’s Name : G.P.Dineshkumar, J.JafarAli, M.Dinesh, N.Dharungeeran

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 1-4

Abstract—  In this work, this paper address a fundamental and critical task of detecting the behavior of driving and texting using smartphones carried by users. This paper propose, design, and implement TEXIVE that leverages various sensors integrated in the smartphone and realizes our goal of distinguishing drivers and passengers and detecting texting using rich user micro movements and irregularities that can be detected by sensors in the phone before and during driving and texting. Without relying on external infrastructure, TEXIVE has an advantage of being readily implemented and adopted, while at the same time raising a number of challenges that need to be carefully addressed for achieving a successful detection with good sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and precision. Our system distinguishes the driver and passengers by detecting whether a user is entering a vehicle or not, inferring which side of the vehicle is entering, reasoning whether the user is sitting in front or rear seats, and discovering if a user is texting by fusing multiple evidences collected from accelerometer, magnetometer, and gyroscope sensors. To validate our approach, this paper conduct extensive experiments with several users on various vehicles and smartphones. Our evaluation results show that TEXIVE has a classification accuracy of 87.18%, and precision of 96.67%.

Keywordsaccelerometer,smartphone,gyroscope sensors

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Paper 2:

Title : DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF  LOW POWER SRAM CELL STRUCTURE

Author’s Name : Jayabalaji.G, K.Gowri

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 5-9

AbstractSRAM is a CMOS ICs and it uses 8Transistor Sram to store a bit. This paper represents the simulation of different SRAM cells and their comparative analysis on parameters   Power Supply Voltage. All the simulations have  been  carried  out  Tanner EDA tool.  The most  research  on  the  power  consumption of  8T  SRAM  has  been  focused  on  the  static  power dissipation  and  the  power  dissipated  by  the  leakage current.  On  the  other  hand,  as  the  current  VLSI technology  scaled  down,  the  sub-threshold  current increases  which  further  increases  the  power consumption.  In  this paper we have proposed 8 Transistor  SRAM or  cells  using  MCML  technology  which  will reduce the leakage power in SRAM cell and will control the  sub-threshold  current.  The  results  of  8 transistor SRAM  cell  array  using MCML  technology  in  represents that there is a  significant  reduction  in  power  dissipation  and leakage current using MCML technology.

 Keywords8 transistor sram; mcml concept.

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Paper 3:

Title POWER AND AREA EFFICIENT ERROR TOLERANT ADDER FOR VLSI CIRCUITS

Author’s Name : S.Sathish kumar, V.Muralidharan

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 10-13

Abstract—  In adders the truncation and round off errors cannot be ignored. To rectify the errors in adders error tolerant adder (ETA) is proposed here. It increases the performance & reduces the delay by low power consumption. ETA mainly focuses on low power VLSI applications. ETA compensates the errors by adding the inputs parallel. In this paper to prove the efficiency of ETA normal CMOS XOR logic is replaced by PSEUDO NMOS XOR logic, PASS TRANSISTOR logic and COMPLEMENTARY PASS TRANSISTOR logic

KeywordsAdders; Error tolerance; Low power design; Technique; Cmos xor; Pseudo nmos xor; Pass transistor xor; Complementary pass transistor xor.

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Paper 4:

Title INVENTED TECHNIQUE TO REMOVE MISBEHAVIOR NODES IN WIRELESS NETWORKS

Author’s Name : K.Srinivasan, K.Gowri

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 14-17

Abstract— In  a  wireless  networks  all  the  nodes  will  co-operative  to  share  the  information  from  one  node  to  other. In  a  network  some  node  does  not  perform  the  operation  of  transmission. This  proposed  project  will  identify  and  remove  the  misbehavior  nodes  by  various  techniques. Techniques are analyzed  and find  which  technique  is  better. A  new  technique  is  implemented  to  increase  the  performance  of  entire  network. operations  are  performed  using  routing  protocols. simulation  results  are  provided  with  NS2. To  minimize  the  total  distances  traveled  by  nodes  so  as  to  reduce  the  transmission  delay  and  provide  better  performance  than  other  existing  systems.

Keywords— Cooperative; Malicious; Wireless; Technique; Reputation; Ns2; Consensus; CoopMAC; Confidant.

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Paper 5:

Title CLOSED-FORM APPROXIMATION OF THE EE-SE TRADE-OFF OVER THE MIMO

Author’s Name : S.JothiPrasanth, S.Barathkumar, M.Pruthiv, R.Raghu

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 18-21

Abstract— This paper proposes  along with spectral efficiency (SE),energy efficiency (EE) is becoming one of the key performance   evaluation criteria for communication system. These two criteria, which are con- flicting, can be linked through their trade-off. In this paper, we propose a novel and more generic closed-form approximation of this trade-off which exhibits a greater accuracy for a wider range of SE values and antenna configurations. Our expression has been here utilized for assessing analytically the EE gain of MIMO over single-input single-output (SISO) system for two different types of power consumption models (PCMs): the theoretical PCM, where only the transmit power is considered as consumed power; and a more realistic PCM accounting for the fixed consumed power and amplifier inefficiency. This project proposes   along with spectral efficiency (SE),energy efficiency (EE) is becoming one of the key performance   evaluation criteria for communication system. These two criteria, which are con- flicting, can be linked through their trade-off. The EE-SE trade- off for the multi-input multi-output (MIMO) Rayleigh fading channel has been accurately approximated in the past but only in the low-SE regime. In this paper, we propose a novel and more generic closed-form approximation of this trade-off which exhibits a greater accuracy for a wider range of SE values and antenna configurations. The theoretical PCM, where only the transmit power is considered as consumed power; and a more realistic PCM accounting for the fixed consumed power and amplifier inefficiency. Our analysis unfolds the large mismatch between theoretical and practical MIMO vs. SISO EE gains; the EE gain increases both with the SE and the number of antennas in theory, which indicates that MIMO is a promising EE enabler; whereas it remains small and decreases with the number of transmit antennas when a realistic PCM is considered.

KeywordsEE TRADE; SISO; PCM

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Title AN EFFICIENT DOUBLE EDGE TRIGGERING FLIP FLOP (MDETFF)  

Author’s Name : S.Santhoshkumar, L.Saranya

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 22-26

AbstractAn efficient double edge triggering flip flop (DETFF) for low-power and high-performance applications is presented in this paper. The aim of the DETFF is to reduce pipeline overhead. In its pulse generator, the four inverters are used to generate the inverted and delayed clock signals. The explicit pulse generator is simple and suitable for Modified double-edge triggering. However, the flip flop latency may be degraded due to the large capacitive loads output nodes. On top of that, MDETFF suffers from high leakage current. This is caused by a high-voltage drop across transistor. when they are off, the pulse generating stage, the sensing stage and the latching stage. The Modified double edge-triggered pulse generator produces a brief pulse signal synchronized at the rising and falling clock edges. Therefore, the conditional pre charging technique is applied in the sensing stage of MDETFF, to avoid redundant transitions at major internal nodes. As for output it only needs to be pre charged in the first cycle and remains at its high state for the remaining cycles. Since the pre charging activity is conditionally controlled, the critical pull down path is simplified, consisting of only one signal transistor. This helps to reduce the discharging time significantly. As such, the resulting sensing stage possesses low-power and high-speed feature.

Keywords Flip-Flop, High-speed, Leakage power

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Paper 7:

Title POWER-THROUGHPUT-EFFICIENT RECONFIGURABLE PROCESSOR FOR MULTIMEDIA APPLICATION

Author’s Name : R.Priyanka, S.Raja , S.Shajila Rani

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 27-31

AbstractThis paper presents the evaluation and implementation of an 8-bit adaptable processor core to be part of the power-throughput-area efficient multimedia oriented reconfigurable architecture reconfigurable. The processor core  design was custom implemented in IBM’s 90 nm CMOS technology and occupies 0.115 mm2 silicon area with approximately 70% area utilized by core circuits and it shows a peak throughput performance of 75 MOPS/m W. The result of benchmarking results show estimated throughputs of 9.5, 21.36, 39.78,170.88,and 4.54 MSamples/s for variants of 2-D discrete cosine transform (DCT), 4 × 4 H.264 integer   transform and 2-D discrete wavelet transform, respectively. When compared against popular architecture, our analysis shows that the proposed design provides approximately 4–8 times higher throughput for 2-D DCT.

Keywords— CMOS, DCT, Throughput

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Paper 8:

Title DATA EMBEDDING METHOD IN PIXEL BASED VISUAL CRYPTOGRAPHY

Author’s Name : K.P.Vignesh Kumar

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 32-36

Abstract  Visual cryptography (VC) is a technique of encoding a important secret image hooked on shares such that loading an adequate number of shares exposes the secret image. Shares are generally offered in transparencies. Each observer holds a transparency. Most of the existing work on VC focuses on cultivating two parameters: pixel expansion and contrast. In this paper, we considered the cheating problem in VC and extended VC. This system considered the attacks of wicked adversaries who may turn from the scheme in any way. This system offered three cheating methods and useful them on attacking existent VC or extended VC schemes.The proposed a common method that alters a VCS to another VCS that has the belongings of cheating prevention. The above of the conversion is close to optimal in both contrast digressions and pixel expansion.

Keywords— Visual Cryptography, Pixel expansion, contrast Digression, Transparencies, VC Schemes.

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Paper 9:

Title SENSOR NETWORK BASED OIL WELL HEALTH MONITORING AND INTELLIGENT CONTROL

Author’s Name : M.Kumaresan, K.Venkatesh

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 37-41

Abstract—  Most oil pumping units (OPUs) have been manual control in the oilfield. This existing oil-pumping system,a high power-consuming process, has the incapability of OPU’ structural health monitoring. In this paper, a sensor network based intelligent control is proposed for power economy and efficient oilwell health monitoring. The proposed sensor network consists of three-level sensors: 1) several types of basic sensors, such as load sensor, angular sensor, voltage sensor, current sensor and oil pressure sensor, which are the first level sensors (FLS), are used for oilwell data sensing; 2) our developed intelligent sensors (IS), which belong to the second level sensor, are designed mainly for an oilwell’s data elementary processing, main fault alarm/indication, typical data storage/indication, data/status transmission up to the third level sensor (TLS), data/status transmission between IS, and command transmission down to the OPU motor; and 3) our developed software-defined (SD) control centers with an embedded database, i.e., the TLS, are designed for hundreds of oilwells data storage/management, data processing, malfunction detection, malfunction alarm/indication, stroke-adjustment command transmission down to a specific IS for power economy and the malfunction report to the maintenance staff via global system for mobile communications (GSM) short message service (SMS). Experiment results at the Chinese Petroleum’s Changing Oilfield demonstrate our proposed sensor network based system.

Keywords Health monitoring, intelligent control, intelligent sensor, power economy, sensor network.

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Paper 10:

Title A NOVEL EARTHQUAKE MONITORING SYSTEM AND WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

Author’s Name : K.Murugan, V.Muralidharan, K.Raja

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 42-47

Abstract A wireless sensor network is proposed for monitoring buildings to access earthquake damage. By  using   this   method more   detailed information  could  be  obtained  from  the structural  behavior  as  well  as  the  actual condition of the building structure. This will enable engineers use more precisely information for the structure analysis and repair as well as life time prediction. A wireless sensor network is proposed for monitoring buildings to access earthquake damage. By  using   this   method   more   detailed information  could  be  obtained  from  the structural  behavior  as  well  as  the  actual condition of the building structure. This will enable engineers use more precisely information for the structure analysis and repair as well as life time prediction.

 Keywords—GSM; strain sensor; accelerometer; gas sensor; temperature sensor

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Paper 11:

Title DATA GATHERING MECHANISMS IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS USING M-COLLECTORS

Author’s Name : S.Balavignesh,G.Mohanambal

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 48-50

Abstract—  In this paper, we propose a new data-gathering mechanism for large-scale wireless sensor networks by introducing mobility into the network. A mobile data collector, for convenience called an M-collector in this paper, could be a mobile robot or a vehicle equipped with a powerful transceiver and battery, working like a mobile base station and gathering data while moving through the field. An M-collector starts the data-gathering tour periodically from the static data sink, polls each sensor while traversing its transmission range, then directly collects data from the sensor in single-hop communications, and finally transports the data to the static sink. Since data packets are directly gathered without relays and collisions, the lifetime of sensors is expected to be prolonged. In this paper, we mainly focus on the problem of minimizing the length of each data-gathering tour and refer to this as the single-hop data-gathering problem (SHDGP). We first formalize the SHDGP into a mixed-integer program and then present a heuristic tour-planning algorithm for the case where a single M-collector is employed. For the applications with strict distance/ time constraints, we consider utilizing multiple M-collectors and propose a data-gathering algorithm where multiple M-collectors traverse through several shorter subtours concurrently to satisfy the distance/time constraints. Our single-hop mobile data-gathering scheme can improve the scalability and balance the energy consumption among sensors. It can be used in both connected and disconnected networks. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed data-gathering algorithm can greatly shorten the moving distance of the collectors compared with the covering line approximation algorithm and is close to the optimal algorithm for small networks.

Keywords Covering salesman problem (CSP), data gathering,M-collector, mobile data collector, mobility, movement planning, wireless sensor networks.

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Paper 12:

Title GSM BASED INTELLIGENT EB METER SYSTEM

Author’s Name : S.Anbarasu, E.Divya

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 51-55

Abstract Traditional metering method for retrieving the energy data is not convenient and the cost of the data logging system is high. so this paper presents of design and development of Automatic meter reading (AMR) system.AMR system is boom for remote monitoring and control domestic energy meter .AMR system gives the information of meter reading, power cut, total load used, power disconnect and tempering on request or regularly in particular interval through SMS.This information is being send and received by concerned energy provided company with the help of Global system for mobile communication (GSM)network. These systems not only reduce the labor cost but also increase meter reading accuracy and save hugs amount of time.

KeywordsARM7 Microcontroller, Short message service (SMS), Automatic meter reading system (AMR), GSM, Zig-bee, temper detection

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Paper 13:

Title A SECURITY AND CONTROL SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE THROUGH GSM-GPS

Author’s Name : Deepan Chakravarthi.N, Mohanambal.G, Muralidharan.V

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 56-61

Abstract Now a day’s vehicle thefts are increasing day by day. To control vehicle thefts more numbers of devices are invented but that devices are not well to secure and control the vehicle. In this system we can track and control our vehicle through Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) and Global Positioning System (GPS).Here GSM is used to control (ON/OFF) the vehicle and GPS is used to detect and navigate the vehicle. So this GSM-GPS based vehicle security system works when someone tries to steal your vehicle. This system deals with the design &development of an embedded system, which is being used to prevent/control the theft of a vehicle. Here owner of a vehicle can control the system through cell phone or personal computer or laptop. In this system vehicle movement detection is implemented through GSM. This system is more efficient because it can perform a task at a specific time period and protected against strong jet of water spray against all direction and is dust proof.

KeywordsGSM, GPS, MC

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Paper 14:

Title AN EMBEDDED BASED REAL TIME FINGER VEIN RECOGNITION SYSTEM FOR MULTICARD USER IN ATM

Author’s Name : Selvamurugan.P, Divya.E

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 62-66

Abstract— In this project, it uses a three way of authentication and multi-banking in all ATM transactions which is based purely on the finger vein recognition system and not with the help of ATM cards. The proposed system consist of three modules namely, image acquisition module, embedded main board, human machine communication module. The three way of authentications are finger vein recognition system, PIN authentication, mobile IMEI number authentication. Her the finger vein uses a unique pattern to identify with high levels of accuracy. Among the many authentication systems that have been proposed and implemented, finger vein biometrics is emerging as the foolproof method of automated personal identification. Finger vein is a unique physiological biometric for identifying individuals based on the physical characteristics and attributes of the vein patterns in the human finger. The experimental results in EER were 0.011% and the processing time was 1.02ms. The programming is  done with Embed C, Visual Basic, Keil IDE, MATLAB.

KeywordsExperimental Error Rate (EER), ATM, IMEI

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Paper 15:

Title ENDOCRINE CELLULAR COMMUNICATION BASED ON SELF-REPAIRING DIGITAL SYSTEM WITH UNIFIED RECOVERY PROCESS

Author’s Name : A.Sathish, P.M.Sandeep

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 67-71

AbstractNature offers some remarkable examples of how it deals with complexity and unreliability. For example, the human body is one of the most complex systems ever known. Local failures are common, but the overall function of our organism is highly reliable. This is because of the highly sophisticated self-diagnostic and self-healing mechanisms that work ceaselessly throughout our body. If we apply the main biological principles, which provide these mechanisms, to the design of electronic systems, the result is a revolutionary new approach to implementing self-repairing systems. This system is composed of a structural layer and a gene-control layer. The structural layer consists of novel modules and their interconnections. In each module of our system, the encoded data, called the genome, contains information about the function and the connection. Therefore, a faulty module can be replaced and the whole system’s functions and connections are maintained by simply assigning the same encoded data to a spare (stem) module.  Mechanism implemented in the system with a field-programmable gate array with the application of a digital clock whose status can be monitored with light-emitting-diodes.

Keywordsself-diagnostic, self-healing mechanisms, spare (stem) module

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Paper 16:

Title REMOTE-CONTROL SYSTEM OF HIGH EFFICIENCY AND INTELLIGENT STREET LIGHTING USING A ZIGBEE NETWORK OF DEVICES AND SENSORS

Author’s Name : S.Kanakaraj, M.Manjula, P.Samaya Muthukumaran, S.Gunasekaran

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 72-76

Abstract—  This project aims at designing and executing the advanced development in embedded systems for energy saving of street lights with light depending resistor. Nowadays, human has become too busy and he is unable to find time even to switch the lights wherever not necessary. This can be seen more effectively in the case of street lights. The present system is like, the street lights will be switched on in the evening before the sun sets and they are switched off the next day morning after there is sufficient light on the roads. But the actual timings for these street lights to be switched on are when there is absolute darkness. With this, the power will be wasted up to some extent. This project gives the best solution for electrical power wastage. Also the manual operation of the lighting system is completely eliminated. In our project we are using LDR, which varies according to the amount of light falling on its surface, this give an indication for us whether it is a day/night time. We have placed IR sensors in both sides of the road, which can be controlled by Micro controller (AT89C51).The IR‘s will be activated only on the night time. If any obstacle crosses the IR, automatically particular light will be ON, for few seconds. In our project we use regulated 5V, 500mA power supply. 7805 three terminal voltage regulator is used for voltage regulation. Bridge type full wave rectifier is used to rectify the ac out put of secondary of 230/12V step down transformer. The programming language used for developing the software to the microcontroller is Embedded/Assembly. The KEIL cross compiler is used to edit, compile and debug this program. Here in our application we are using AT89C51 microcontroller which is Flash Programmable IC.AT represents the Atmel Corporation ‘C’ represents CMOS technology is used for designing the IC. We believe that our idea provides better than the existing system. In the present project street lights are taken into consideration where the above discussed factors are rectified in them. This is achieved with the help of an embedded system. By using this as the basic principle we can design centralized intelligent system for the perfect usage of streetlights in any place (Viz Village, Town) can be developed.

KeywordsLDR sensor, IR Sensor,Street Lighting.

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Paper 17:

Title FABRICATION AND MODELING OF DUAL USAGE SOLAR DISH CONCENTRATOR FOR POWER GENERATION

Author’s Name : J.Jerome, C.sivaranjani

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 77-80

AbstractIn today’s life the people are facing many problem one of this, the productions of electricity is not equal to demand. In the people are affected by power cut problem the main objective of our project is to produce electrical energy and heat energy by using single solar collector. In previous days they are used different types of collectors to collect the electrical energy and heat energy the major disadvantage is it’s required more space and also they cannot store the heat energy for a long time. In this project is we can use parabolic solar dish collector (PSDC) to collect the heat and photons in single setup and also store the heat for a long time by using phase changing material (PCM). In this project overcome previous method and to achieving maximum amount of sun light by tracking the system using MPPT tracking method and also we can able to rotate 3600 rotation this is one of the reason for efficient power production.

KeywordsParabolic solar dish collector (PSDC), Phase change material (PCM), Maximum power point tracking (MPPT)

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Paper 18:

Title AUTOMATIC PUMPING CONTROL USING CURRENT CONTROL METHOD

Author’s Name : S.Sudharsan, K.Venkatesh

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 81-84

AbstractA current controlled model for pumping applications is proposed for automatic monitoring of current rating by which we can obtain power saving. A current transformer is arranged to monitor the set values of the motor by which it can operate by a contactor (electrically controlled switch used for switching a power circuit) the set values are compared by using a comparator. As it reaches the set value motor will operate or else it will be in off condition. The monitoring set values will be displayed by a seven segment display. One of motor was used for driving deep well pump which has been utilized for the purpose of water storing to a pool. The other one was used for driving centrifugal pump which has been utilized for the purpose of transferring of water waited in pool to drip irrigation. Optimum solar panels were selected according to calculated maximum power consumption of motors. The need of energy of BLDC Motors has been provided from solar panels and batteries. Sun tracking system was used for increasing efficiency of system. A DC-DC buck converter has been developed to feed motor and charge the batteries safely. Automation of system was provided with RF modules, soil moisture sensors and solenoid valves.

KeywordsBrushless DC motor, drip irrigation, RF module, soil moisture sensor, solar energy

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Paper 19:

Title SMART ADAPTER IN ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION

Author’s Name : S.Gunasekaran, G.Gokul Kumar, P.Samaya Muthukumaran, S.Elaiya Raja

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 85-89

AbstractA zero no-load power (ZNP) ac/dc adapter for electronic equipment with an embedded battery is proposed in this letter. The embedded battery is used as a signal source for the detection of load connection. Depending on the signal of load connection, an operation of the proposed ZNP ac/dc adapter is determined. When the proposed adapter is connected with a load system, the operation of the proposed adapter is the same as that of the conventional ac/dc adapter. While the proposed adapter is disconnected from the load system, the overall proposed adapter is totally turned off. Therefore, the proposed adapter can achieve ZNP consumption

KeywordsAC/DC adapter, burst-mode control, no-load power consumption, standby power

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Paper 20:

Title AIR QUALITY MONITORING USING WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

Author’s Name : S. Sheik Mohaideen, G. Gokul Kumar, J.Jerome, S.Sundarapandian

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 90-92

AbstractThis paper deals about the reduction and monitoring of the harmful gases which causes danger to the people who are working at such company or the nearby living area. The major air pollution causing gases are sensed by this sensor. The hazordous gases which causes threat to human life are like Carbon di oxide , Sulphur di oxide, Nitrogen di oxide, Particulate matter less than 10 micro meter, Ozone, Lead, Carbon monoxide. Ammonia, Benzene, Arsenic, Nickel etc. At this paper I used different sensors, Signal conditioning circuit, PIC micro controller, GSM Transmitter and receiver. The system is designed in a way that it is more efficient and reliable and user friendly.

KeywordsPIC Microcontroller, GSM Module, Gas Sensors, Display Unit, Graphical User Interface.

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Paper 21:

Title AUTOMATIC AMBULANCE RESCUE SYSTEM USING GSM AND RF COMMUNICATION

Author’s Name : T.Vivekananthan, R.Mohanraj, S.Selvaperumal, P.Mohanraj

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 93-96

AbstractIncrease in the usage of automobiles creates more traffic jam and the same may be a reason for the automotive accidents in an increasing manner. Traffic jam during the time of automotive accidents may be an obstacle for the ambulance to reach the desired hospital in time and also the traffic jam opposes the smooth flow of the ambulance which may lead to the loss of lives .So the obstacles for the ambulance should be reduced .The main theme behind this scheme is to provide a smooth flow of the ambulance to reach the hospitals in time and thus minimizing the expiration. The proposed scheme is fully automated, thus it finds the accident spot using a GPS system and controls the traffic signal using RF communication and provides a clear way for the ambulance to reach the hospital in minimum amount of time(so called as Golden Hour). The occurrence of the accident is sensed by a MEMS sensor which is inbuilt on board of the vehicle, which identifies the accident by the abnormal vibration in the vehicle, which notifies the accident spot to the nearest ambulance automatically using a GSM system.

KeywordsMEMS, GSM, GPS, LCD, PIC Microcontroller

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Paper 22:

Title GSM BASED ENERGY MANAGEMENT FOR DC MICRO-GRID BY USING GREEN ENERGY

Author’s Name : P.Mohanraj, R.Mohanraj, T.Vivekananthan, S.Selvaperumal

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 97-100

AbstractThis paper presents the design and Implementation of an energy management system (EMS) with pic control for a dc micro grid system .Modeling, analysis, and control of distributed power sources and storage devices and the integrated monitoring EMS are implemented. To improve the life cycle of   the battery pic control manages the desired state of charge Secure and efficient communication between human being and managed devices energy is critical for Smart Grid and Smart home as well as inherently secure physical layer transceiver design. Capacity Improvement is achieved using   to a dynamic resources   management. Remote monitoring and control of home/office devices through a Smart Phone is coming closer to us more than ever before.

KeywordsWind mill, Solar panel, Lithium-ion Battery, Micro grid, GSM.

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Paper 23:

Title A SINGLE-PHASE BUCK–BOOST Z-SOURCE INVERTER

Author’s Name : S.Selvaperumal, R.Mohanraj, T.Vivekananthan, P.Mohanraj

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 101-104

AbstractThis paper proposes a new type of converter called a single-phase buck–boost z-source inverter. The converter can buck and boost with step-changed frequency, and both the frequency and the voltage can be stepped up or stepped down. In addition, the converter employs a safe-commutation strategy to conduct along a continuous current path, which results in the elimination of voltage spikes on switches without the need for a snubber circuit. The operating principles of the proposed single-phase buck–boost z-source inverter are described, and a circuit analysis is provided. To verify the performance of the proposed converter, a laboratory prototype was constructed with a voltage of 60 Vrms /60 Hz and a passive RL load. The simulation and the experimental results verified that the converter can produce an output voltage, to drive the three phase induction motor.

Keywords Buck–boost voltage, Z-source inverter, step-up and step-down frequency.

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Paper 24:

Title HIGH-EFFICIENCY HYBRID FULL-BRIDGE–HALF-BRIDGE CONVERTER WITH SHARED ZVS LAGGING LEG AND DUAL OUTPUTS IN SERIES

Author’s Name : S.Elaiyaraja, C.Sivaranjani, P.Samaya Muthukumaran, S.Gunasekaran

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 105-109

AbstractA novel soft-switching hybrid converter combining the phase-shift full-bridge (FB) and half-bridge (HB) LLC resonant converters’ configuration with shared zero-voltage switching (ZVS) lagging leg is proposed to ensure the switches in the lagging leg operating at fully ZVS condition. The dual outputs of the proposed hybrid FB–HB converter are connected in series and the whole dc-output voltage can be regulated by the PWM phase-shift control within the desired voltage range. A resonant circuit is used in the secondary side of the FB converter to reset the primary current during the freewheeling period, as well as to transfer more input energy and clamp secondary rectifier voltage. The proposed converter is attractive for hybrid electric vehicle/electric vehicle onboard charger applications.

KeywordsHalf Bridge, LLC resonant converters, ZVS, PWM

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Paper 25:

Title ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION BY USING EXHAUST FANS

Author’s Name : P.Samaya Muthukumaran, M.Manjula, S.Gunasekaran, S.Kanakaraj

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 110-113

AbstractElectric power is the common need for a developing country. Every day it is become serious issue due to various factors, for instance rising demand, decreasing production capacity and transmission losses, etc. Now a day’s many factories are using exhaust fans and it is increasing every day. The wind energy from these exhaust fans are pass around outside and its gets wasted. This wasted wind energy is the source of the power generation. This wind source from exhaust fans are collected and compressed using a single channel. The compressed air will give the enormous flow of air to the wind turbine and the wind turbine will convert it into efficient electrical energy. Accordingly utilizing wind energy from exhaust fans be able to give additional power and it will reduce the power demand.

KeywordsExhaust Fan, Wind Energy, Single Channel, Wind Turbine

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Paper 26:

Title DESIGN OF DUAL ROTOR WINDMILL SETUP TO IMPROVE THE TORQUE AND EFFICIENCY

Author’s Name : D.Prem, G.GokulKumar, M.Varatharaj

Volume 01 Issue o4 April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 114-117

AbstractAs the fossil fuels are going down we are moving to the renewable side to fulfill our energy needs. In renewable sectors the wind and solar plays a vital role. The main drawback of the windmill used presently is starting torque.  It required high starting torque to produce energy. Because of low starting torque it require initial power to reach the required torque. This draw back has been overcome by using the new dual rotor windmill. This paper concentrated in design of this dual rotor windmill. By using this dual rotor windmill the energy production will be increase twice times than the normal once.

KeywordsDual rotor turbine, gear setup, DC generator

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Paper 27:

Title EXPREMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF ESTERIFIED JATROPHA IN C.I.ENGINES WITH PSZ COATED PISTON

Author’s Name : S.Boopathi Joe Kamal Raj, P.Ravi Kumar ,A.Vijayakumar, A.P.Balaji

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121 Page no: 118 – 124

Abstract— Because of the gradual depletion of fossil fuel reserves, and the impact of environmental pollution on the increase exhaust emissions, and there is a need for alternative fuels and technologies appropriate anti-pollution vehicles. Crude oil prices once again show marked fluctuations. It has fluctuated wildly after touching $ 80 a barrel for, has retreated to more moderate levels in recent times. This market turmoil may give some false hope for oil pressure groups that the situation would be satisfactory – League again in this context of the crisis of fossil fuels, the importance of research of alternative fuels for internal combustion engines require important. Vegetable oils – Due to the characteristics of their presence near the diesel fuel, may be a promising alternative for use in diesel engines. The only drawback in the use of Jatropha oil as a fuel is that the emission of nitrogen oxides is more than that of diesel oil. Our project deals with the implementation of the concept of hybrid fuel to reduce the emission of nitrogen oxides and study its properties in relation to the performance of the engine. Our project process includes 1) a cross- esterification of the following [design was a small station with a capacity of 2 liters and fabricated for Transesterification crude Jatropha ] 2) Use of Jatropha Curcas crude oil as well as a mixture of varying proportions of JME and diesel in one of the improvements engine. Significant cylinder diesel in the engine performance and emission characteristics were observed for JME blended with diesel with and without Partially Stabilized Zirconium (PSZ) coatedpiston.

KeywordsJatropha Methyl Ester (JME), PSZ, Ttransesterification, catalyst, Hybrid Fuel

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Paper 28:

Title DESIGN OF REVERSIBLE SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS IN FAULT INJECTION

Author’s Name : B.Anuradha, J.Stalon Marshall, Dr.A.RajaRam

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 125-130

AbstractIn this paper, the researchers propose the design of reversible circuits using reversible gates. Reversible logic is implemented in reversible circuits. Reversible logic is mostly preferred due to less heat dissipation. Conservative logic gates can be designed in any sequential circuits and can be tested using two test vectors. The significance of proposed work lies in the design of reversible sequential circuits and their equivalent circuits for maximum fault coverage. The design of Master slave flipflop and Double edge triggered(DET) using Toffoli gate and Peres gate is proposed in this literature. The design of Toffoli and Peres equivalent circuits is proposed first time in this literature, in order to achieve maximum fault coverage. The proposed Toffoli and Peres gates surpass the Fredkin gate and MXCQCA gate in terms of area, number of gates and timing. The simulation and coding is performed using cadence tool.

KeywordsReversible logic, Peres gate, Toffoli gate, Feynman gate, latches.

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Paper 29:

Title A NEW ERROR DETECTION MECHANISM FOR DYNAMIC NETWORK ON CHIP

Author’s Name : Ameera Amrin, Uma Maheswari, Helen Mary Kavitha, Jeeja Jaculine let R B

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 131-136

Abstract— In this project, a new network-on-chip (NoC) that handles accurate localizations of the faulty parts of the NoC is presented. The proposed NoC is based on new error detection mechanisms suitable for dynamic NoCs, where the number and position of processor elements or faulty blocks vary during runtime. Indeed, we propose online detection of data packet and adaptive routing algorithm errors.

Keywords Adaptive algorithm, dynamic reconfiguration, network-on-chip (NoC), reliability.

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Paper 30:

Title POWER EFFICIENT HIGH SPEED DOMINO CIRCUIT 

Author’s Name : Nandhini M, Jeeja Jaculine Let R B, Uma Maheswari P, Stefin T Isac

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 137-142

AbstractIn this paper, a new domino circuit is proposed, inorder to have lower power consumption.For this proposed technique which is implemented based on adiabatic logic.The proposed circuit technique decreases the parasitic capatance in the dynamic node,to have fast and robust circuits.Thus the leakage current and consecuently power consumption and delay are reduced.Simulation results shown the effeciency and effectiveness of the domino circuit.The domino circuit designed using adiabatic logic will reduce the power consumption. 

KeywordsDomino logic, adiabatic logic,leakage current

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Paper 31:

Title LOW POWER ANALYSIS FOR DPA RESISTANT FLIP FLOP USING TDPL INVERTER

Author’s Name : Jeeja Jaculine Let R B, Nandhini M, Helen Mary Kavitha S , Ameera Amrin M

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 143-146

AbstractThis paper presents the design a data flip-flop compatible with the three-phase dual-rail pre-charge logic (TDPL) family. TDPL is a differential power analysis (DPA) resistant dual-rail logic style whose power  consumption is insensitive to unbalanced load conditions, based on a three phase operation where, in order to obtain a constant energy consumption  and  also reduce the power dissipation. A part of an encryption algorithm is used as case a study to prove the effectiveness of the proposed circuit. Simulation results in a 65 nm CMOS process show an improvement in the energy consumption.

Keywords— Differential power analysis (DPA), dual-rail logic, security, sense amplifier-based logic (SABL), three-phase dual-rail pre-charge logic (TDPL).

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Paper 32:

Title PERSONALISED USER SEARCH RESULTS BASED FEEDBACK SESSION AND CLICK TECHNIQUE

Author’s Name : A.Mekala, D.Ravi

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 147-151

AbstractWhen we submit a query to a search engine, it delivers different results in an unorganized way. In this paper, we use an existing method to suggest user search goals by analyzing user search engine query records. Initially, we form a feedback session. Feedback session is divided into two categories so called searching results and clicked & unclicked results. These two categories are ranked based on the clicked results. With the help of the clicked results we generate pseudo documents, these pseudo documents are formed by clustering the listed results. Later, these results are evaluated using a criterion CAP “ Classified Average Precision ”. Here we propose page rank algorithm to obtain organized result.

KeywordsFeedback Session, Pseudo Document, Page Rank, CAP

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Paper 33:

Title PLANNING DESIGNING ANALYSIS AND ESTIMATION OF AN AUDITORIUM BUILDING WITH GRID SLAB

Author’s Name : G.Gowrishankar, K.Vinoth, S.Gayathri.M.E.,

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 152-154

AbstractThis project deals with the planning designing analysis and estimation of an auditorium building with grid slab. We have taken from this project because auditorium building need for conducting awareness program, celebrate the functions and important gatherings etc..,. It is a typical R.C structure having load bearing wall with grid slab. The design of all RC structural elements such as grid slab, beam, column, staircase and footings are done by limit state method of design. The analysis is done by using STADD PRO software .The estimate is done by abstract estimate. The plan, elevation and reinforcement detailed drawings are drawn by AUTOCAD software. Design is a carried out by IS 456-2000. Concrete grade of M25 and steel HYSD bars of grade Fe415 are used.

KeywordsDesign, Analysis, Estimation

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Paper 34:

Title PARTIAL REPLACEMENT OF CEMENT WITH MARBLE POWDER

Author’s Name : Annamalai.R, Marshal Ditto.D

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 155-159

AbstractAdvance concrete technology can reduce the consumption of natural sources and energy sources thereby lessen the burden of pollutants on environment. We describes the feasibility of using the marble sludge dust in concrete production as partial replacement of cement Waste management is a fundamental component to any manufacturing or production enterprise. It is estimated that there are million tons of quarrying waste are produced in each year. Although a portion of this waste may be utilize on-site such as for excavation pit refill. Waste generated at quarries and fabrication plants is quite similar. Most commonly, scrap stone must be mitigated and managed, but attention must be paid to other types of wastes, as well. These include marble sludge/slurry. Marble sawing powder wastes is widespread by-product of industrial process in India. Generally these wastes pollute and damage the environment due to sawing and polishing processes. This waste is used for making a marble waste concrete. The main aim of this waste management is to evaluate recovery and use marble waste in making a low cost concrete.

KeywordsConcrete; Marble sawing powder; Waste  management

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Paper 35:

Title EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF SELF COMPACTION CONCRETE CONTAINING QUARRY ROCK DUST AS FINE AGGREGATE

Author’s Name : Gayathiri.S, Gopi. R, Ravi Kumar. M

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 160-162

AbstractThe reduction in the sources of natural sand and the requirement for reduction in the cost of concrete production has resulted in the increased need to identify substitute material to sand as fine aggregate in the production of concrete especially in concrete. Quarry dust a byproduct from the crushing process during quarrying activities is one of such materials. fine of rocks dust is a by product obtained during crushing of  rock and is also called quarry dust . In recent days there were also been many attempts to use fly ash, an industrial by product as partially  replacement for cement to have a higher workability , long term strength and to make the concrete more economically available. This present work is an attempt to use quarry rock dust as partially and fully replacement  for sand in concrete attempts have been made to study the properties of  concretes and to investigate some properties of quarry dust the suitability of  those properties to enable them to be used as partially and fully replacement material for sand in concrete.

KeywordsSelf compacting concrete; Quarry rock Dust

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Paper 36:

Title PLANNING, ANALYSIS, DESIGN AND ESTIMATION OF CIVIL ENGINEERING BLOCK

Author’s Name : David Anandaraj.S.L, Amarnath.A, Dinesh.P

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 163-164

AbstractThe importance of education is clearly emphasized through the people of modern society. Engineering education is the activity of teaching knowledge and principle related to the professional practice of engineering. Civil engineering is the ‘MOTHER OF ENGINEERING’ and it needs specific and ideal blocks. Such structure gives a pleasant appearance and fulfills the needs of students and staffs. This structure is designed by LIMIT STATE METHOD. Since this structure is designed under zone-III, preferably in Coimbatore the seismic cause will be lesser comparatively to other zones. The proposed structure is analysed and designed using STAAD PRO software and the plan, section, elevation & reinforcement details are drawn by using AUTOCAD software.  The objective of this project is designing a civil engineering block with modern facilities for laboratories and classrooms. This is a four storey RCC framed structure.  The code provisions used are IS 456-2000, IS 875 (Part I, II) IS 800-2007 M20&M25 grade of concrete & Fe415 steel.  The area of project is 1355.75m2 and the approximate cost of the construction is 4.95crores.

KeywordsLimit state method, Autocad, RCC Frame

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Paper 37:

Title CHARACTERISTIC STUDY ON STRENGTH OF LATEX MODIFIED CONCRETE

Author’s Name : Gayathri.S, Vadivel.K, Vijayakumar.S

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 165-166

AbstractAn elastomer otherwise called as an elastic hydrocarbon polymer that was originally derived from latex, Milky colloid produced from Para rubber tree. It is normally stretchy flexible and extremely water proof. In our studies we have added 0.25%, 0.5%, 0.75% and 1% of Latex to concrete in the water cement ratio.    A study has been made with addition of natural rubber latex in concrete. Natural rubber latex also called Indian rubber or caoutchoucs in rimental tests have been conducted to determine compressive strength of cubes, tensile strength of cylinder in 7, 14 and 28 days.  We can compare the strength between ordinary concrete and latex modified concrete.

Keywordslatex; concrete; modified concrete; curing

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Paper 38:

Title FABRICATION OF HYBRID MODEL FOR UTILIZING OF KINETIC ENERGY IN POWER GENERATION

Author’s Name : T.Gunnasekaran, D.Citharthan, M.Varatharaj

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 167-170

AbstractThis proposes a hybrid energy system consisting of piezoelectric materials and generator. Piezoelectric materials can be used as a means of transforming ambient vibrations into electric energy that can be stored and used to power devices with the recent surge of micro scale devices. Piezoelectric power generation can provide a convenient alternative to traditional power sources used to operate certain types of sensors, telemetry and MEMS devices. there are three types of piezoelectric materials commonly used monolithic Piezoceramic lead Zirconic Titanate(PZT).an additional gear wheel setup which gives more power by giving a pressure at top of the piezoelectric crystal and below that there is a spring alignment  will produce an oscillations that will converts horizontal into rotational movements and coupled with the generator and gear wheels developing piezoelectric generator is challenging because of their poor characteristics by this additional setup will  give more power.

Keywordspiezoelectric crystal, dc generator, gear box, battery

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Paper 39:

Title PIPELINED CIRCUIT SWITCHING TECHNIQUE TO SUPPORT TRAFFIC IN CLOS NETWORK

Author’s Name : Stefin T Isac, S. Helen Mary Kavitha, P.Uma Maheshwari, M.Nandhini

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 171-175

AbstractThis paper presents the silicon-proven design of a novel on-chip network to support guaranteed traffic permutation in multiprocessor system-on-chip applications. The proposed network employs a pipelined circuit switching approach combined with a dynamic path-setup scheme under a multistage network topology. The dynamic path-setup scheme enables runtime path arrangement for arbitrary traffic permutations. The circuit-switching approach offers a guarantee of permuted data and its compact overhead enables the benefit of stacking multiple networks

KeywordsGuaranteed throughput, multistage interconnection network, network-on-chip, permutation network, pipelined circuit-switching, traffic permutation

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Paper 40:

Title IMPLEMENTATION OF PLL USING SELF-HEALING VCO

Author’s Name : Uma Maheswari P, Ameera Amrin M, Stefin T Isac, Nandhini M

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 176-179

AbstractThe leakage current and process variability in nanoscale CMOS technology may destroy the circuit performances significantly. To overcome the above issues in a phase-locked loop (PLL), a self-healing prescaler, a self-healing voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO), and a calibrated charge pump (CP) are presented. This PLL is fabricated in a 65 nm CMOS technology and its active area is 0.0182 mm2. For the self-healing VCO, its measured frequency range is from 50 to 1489 MHz. the peak-to-peak jitters are 8.03 ps and the measured rms is 55.6 ps. This PLL consumes 4.3 mW from 1.8 V supply without buffers.

KeywordsSelf-healing VCO, Self-healing prescaler, nanoscale CMOS technology, phase-locked loop (PLL).

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Paper 41:

Title A 10 BIT LOW POWER  SAR ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTER

Author’s Name : Helen Mary Kavitha S, Stefin T Isac, Ameera Amrin , Jeeja Jaculine Let R B

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 180-183

AbstractThe project presents a 10-bit 30-MS/s successive approximation- register analog-to-digital converter (ADC) that uses a power efficient switchback switching method. With respect to the monotonic switching method, the input Common-mode voltage variation reduces which improves the dynamic offset and the parasitic capacitance variation of the comparator. The proposed switchback switching method does not consume any power at the first digital-to-analog converter switching, which can reduce the power consumption and design effort of the reference buffer. The prototype was fabricated in a 90-nm 1P9M CMOS technology. At 1-V supply and 30 MS/s, the ADC achieves a sequenced neighbor double reservation of 56.89 dB and consumes 0.98 mW, resulting in a figure-of-merit (FOM) of 57 fJ/conversion-step.

KeywordsAnalog-to-digital converter (ADC), energy efficient switching method, low input capacitance, successive approximation, Successive-approximation-register

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Paper 42:

Title A COMPREHENSIVE STUDY ON PLANETARY ROLLER SCREW

Author’s Name : P.Ravi kumar, Dr. B. Giriraj

Volume 01 Issue o4  April 2014  ISSN no:  2348-3121  Page no: 184-189

AbstractRoller screws offer a performance level means on the way facet the capabilities of ball screws. Roller screw similar temperament for serious a whole lot, high move speed, high linear speed, high acceleration (especially planetary roller screws), final preciseness and rigidity, and for operation in insensitive environments. With roller screws, the appliance load is transmitted from the nut to the shaft through the barrel-shaped surfaces of all rollers. the complete space of the contacts between the shaft, the rollers and conjointly the nut is well accumulated compared to the ball screw vogue, resulting in larger load carrying capability and accumulated service life. However, attributable to complicate and unclear relationships among the PRS components’ parameters, it’s hard to vogue high efficiency and quality PRS. Throughout this work, a replacement study is conducted on the parameter relationships of PRS to facilitate the design of PRS

Keywords—Planetary Roller screw,Screw technology,Ball screw,Load carrying Capcity

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