IJMTES – INFLUENCE OF SOME ON THE PERFORMANCE AND EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF A DIESEL ENGINE

Journal Title : International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Science

Author’s Name :C.Kannan, J.G.Vignesh

Volume 01 Issue o5  Year 2014  

ISSN no:  2348-3121

Page no: 227-229

Abstract—Fossil fuels play an important role in the energy production. As these resources are depleting in a rapid rate, the research has been moved towards alternative fuels. Biodiesel is an alternative fuel that is produced from the fat of animals and also from plant seeds. The notable feature of using biodiesel is in its renewal, and decay and the exhaust gases is of good quality. The aim of this present work is to compute the performance and emissions of a diesel engine run on soybean oil methyl ester (SOME) and compare it with diesel fuel. For this purpose, a 4-stroke single cylinder diesel engine was first run with diesel fuel and then bio-diesel. The performance parameters that are evaluated for the comparison of the biodiesel (SOME) and diesel are brake thermal efficiency and exhaust gas temperature and the emission characteristics compared are hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and oxides of nitrogen. It is found from the results that the variation in performance and emission of biodiesel is small when compared to diesel fuel. However, higher percentages of oxides of nitrogen are found for biodiesels but not significantly higher when compared with diesel. It is observed from the results that the biodiesel can be used as an alternative fuel in the Diesel engine without any engine modifications or with minor modifications.

Keywords—Biodiesel, SOME, diesel engine, emission

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