Journal Title : International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Science
Author’s Name : Nibitha N S | Soumya A V
Volume 02 Issue 12 Year 2015
ISSN no: 2348-3121
Page no: 67-71
Abstract— There is growing interest in renewable energy around the world. Since most renewable sources are intermittent in nature, it is a challenging task to integrate renewable energy resources into the power grid infrastructure. Distribution systems provide standby service during utility outages and when operated during peak load hours, potentially reduce energy costs. This paper presents a grid interfacing inverter that compensates power quality problems and it can also interface renewable energy sources with the electric grid. The grid interfacing inverter can effectively be utilized to perform following functions such as transfer of active power harvested from the renewable resources, load reactive power demand support, current harmonic compensation at PCC and current unbalance and neutral current compensation in case of 3-phase 4-wire system. Hysteresis current control method is used to generate gate pulses. Total Harmonic Distortion of the grid connected system is analysed. The grid interface inverter configuration with IGBT is designed and the graphic models of the Grid Interfacing inverter are developed. Total Harmonic Distortion of the grid connected system is analysed and it is reduced using Harmonic Current Extraction Method using SRF theory are done using MATLAB/SIMULINK.
Keywords— Active power filter (APF), Distributed Generation(DG), distribution system, grid interconnection, power quality(PQ), point of common coupling(PCC), hysteresis current control, grid interfacing inverter, renewable energy sources(RES)
R. H. Lasseter et al., “White paper on integration of distributed energy resources. The CERTS microgrid concept,” in Consort.Electric Reliability.
 K. Ro and S. Rahman, “Two-loop controller for maximizing performance of a grid-connected photovoltaic-fuel cell hybrid power plant,” IEEE Trans. Energy Conv., vol. EC-13, pp. 276–281, Sept. (1998).
 R. H. Lasseter and P. Piagi, “Providing premium power through distributed resources,” in Proc. IEEE 33rd Hawaii Int. Conf. System Sciences (HICSS’00), (2000), pp. 1–9.
 S. R. Wall, “Performance of inverter interfaced distributed generation,” in Proc. IEEE/PES-Transmission and Distribution Conf. Expo., (2001), pp. 945–950.
 C. Wekesa and T. Ohnishi, “Utility interactive AC module photovoltaic system with frequency tracking and active power filter capabilities,”in Proc.IEEE-PCC’02 Conf., (2002), pp.316-321.
. A.Arulampalam, M.Barnes, A.Engler, “Control of power electronics iinterfaces in distributed generation micro grids” IJE, Vol.5, (2004), page No.1-21.
. IonelVECHIU, GeluGURGUIATU, Emil ROSU,”Advanced Active Power Conditioner to Improve Power Quality in Microgrids” IPEC.IEEE Conf., (2010).
. F. Blaabjerg, R. Teodorescu, M. Liserre, and A. V. Timbus, “Overview of control and grid synchronization for distributed power generation systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 53, No. 5, pp 1398–1409, Oct. (2006).
. J. M. Carrasco, L. G. Franquelo, J. T. Bialasiewicz, E. Galván, R. C.P. Guisado, M. Á. M. Prats, J. I. León, and N. M. Alfonso, Powerelectronic systems for the grid integration of renewable energy sources: A survey,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 53, No. 4, pp.1002–1016, Aug. (2006).
. B. Renders, K. De Gusseme, W. R. Ryckaert, K. Stockman, L. Vandevelde, and M. H. J. Bollen, “Distributed generation for mitigating voltage dips in low-voltage distribution grids,” IEEE Trans. Power. Del., Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 1581–1588, Jul. (2008).
L.Gyugyi and E.Strycula, “Active AC power filters,” in Conference Rec.IEEE-IAS Annual Meeting, (1976), pp. 529–535.
C. A. Quinn and N. Mohan, “Active filtering of harmonic currents in three-phase, four-wire systems with three-phase, single-phase nonlinear loads,” in Proceedings of IEEE APEC’92, (1992), pp. 829–836.
M.Aredes, E.H.Watanabae, “New Control Algorithms for Series and Shunt Three-Phase 4 Wire Shunt Active Power Filter”, CDROM Proceedings of the ICHQP 2006-International Conference on Harmonics and Quality of Power, Cascais, Portugal, 1-5 October (2006).
K-L.Areerak and K-N.Areerak, “The Comparison Study of Harmonic Detection Methods for Shunt Active Power Filters”, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol:4, 2010-10-23.
Erwin Normanyo, “Mitigation of Harmonics in a Three-Phase, FourWire Distribution System using a System of Shunt Passive Filters”, International Journal of Engineering and Technology, Volume 2 No. 5, May, (2012).
Joao afousonMauriaoAredes, Edson Watanabe and Julion Martins, “Shunt Active Filter for Power Quality Improvement”, International Conference UIE 2000 – Electricity for sustainable Urban Development, Lisboa,Portugal , 1-4 Nov (2000).
M. Aziz, Vinod Kumar, AashaChauhan, Bharti Thakur, “Power Quality Improvement by Suppression of Current Harmonics Using Hysteresis Controller Technique”, International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE) ISSN: 2277-3878, Volume-2, Issue-2, May (2013).
M. Aziz, Vinod Kumar, AashaChauhan, BhartiThakur,“Power Quality Improvement by Suppression of Current Harmonics Using Hysteresis Controller Technique”, International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE) ISSN: 2277-3878, Volume-2, Issue-2, May (2012).
 Marian P. Kazmierkowski, Luigi Malesani, “Current Control Techniques for Three-PhaseVoltage-Source PWM Converters:ASurvey”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, October 1998. pp. Vol. 45, No.5.
 E. Rokrok and M. E. HamedaniGolshan, “Comprehensive Control Scheme. For An Inverter-Based Distributed Generation Unit”, Iranian Journal Of Science & Technology, Transaction B: Engineering, Vol. 33, No. B6, Pp 477-490, Printed in the Islamic Republic Of Iran, (2009).
 Md. EnamulHaque, Michael Negnevitsky, and Kashem M. Muttaqi, “A Novel Control Strategy for a Variable-Speed Wind Turbine With a Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Generator”, IEEE Transactions On Industry Applications, Vol. 46, No. 1, pp.331-339, January/February (2010).
 D. Dragomi, N.Golonav, P.Postolache, C.Toader, “The Connection to the grid of wind turbines”, IEEE Bucharest Power Tech Conference, June 28-July 2, Bucharest, Romania.
 Alejandro Rolan, Alvaro Luna and Gustavo Azevedo, “Modelling of Variable Speed Wind Turbine with a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator”, IEEE International Symbosium on Industrial Electronics (ISIS 2009), Seoul Olympic Parktel, Seoul, Korea, July 5-8, (2009).
 Ming Yin, Gengyin Li, Chengyong Zhao, “Modeling of the Wind Turbine with a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator for Integration”.
 H.Akagi, Y.Kanazawa, A.Nabae, “Generalized Theory of the Instantaneous Reactive Power in Three Phase Circuits”, International Power Electronics Conference, Tokyo, Japan, (1983), pp.1375-1386.