Journal Title : International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Science
Author’s Name : Peramanan A | Saravanakumar K | Sethuram M | Shajahan K
Volume 02 Issue 03 Year 2015
ISSN no: 2348-3121
Page no: 18-22
Abstract— Diesel engines exhausting gaseous emission and particulate matter have long been regarded as one of the major air pollution sources Major emissions from a diesel engine are Nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, Hydro carbon and particulate matter. Amongst these pollutants carbon monoxide and some quantity of particulate matters are reduced by some after treatment methods, outside the engine, in the catalytic converter etc. unlike these Nitrogen oxides can’t be oxidized to get some clean product. Nowadays Nitrogen oxide emissions are reduced by selective catalytic reduction. Using an emulsion of diesel in water as a fuel has been a recent field of study in this field. Water/diesel emulsified formulations are reported to reduce the emissions of Nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide and particulate matter without compensating the engine’s performance. In this project a new kind of emulsion is prepared by mixed surfactant method, major concern being the long term stability of the same. Then performance and emission tests were carried out by using the fuel in a single cylinder diesel engine. The results were matched against that of diesel and comparison graphs were plotted to see what are the advantages and disadvantages of using the emulsion over diesel.
Keywords—Diesel, Efficiency, Emission, Emulsion, Polysorbate 20, Sorbitan monolaurate20
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