Journal Title : International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Science
Volume 03 Issue 03 2016
ISSN no: 2348-3121
Page no: 10-18
Abstract – The most serious environmental concerns at present have been solid waste management which contributes to disturbing the balance of the environment and that has adverse effects on the health of the society. Detection, monitoring and management of urban wastes are one of the primary problems of the present era. The traditional way of manually monitoring the wastes in waste bins is a complex, cumbersome process and utilizes more human effort, time and cost which is not compatible with the present day technologies in any way. This paper proposes an advanced method in which waste management is automated. Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) and ARM (Acorn RISC Machine) 7 controller is the latest trends and is one of the best combination to be used in the project. To give a brief description of the project, the sensors are placed in the common garbage bins placed at the public places. When the garbage reaches the level of the sensor, then that indication will be given to ARM 7 Controller. The controller will give indication to the driver of garbage collection truck as to which garbage bin is completely filled and needs urgent attention. ARM 7 will give indication by sending SMS using GSM technology. The proposed system would be able to automate the solid waste monitoring process and management of the overall collection process. In addition, we also performed microbial analysis from the municipal solid waste. Leaving municipal solid waste for more than 3 days up to 7 days caused microbial increase from 109 colony forming units (CFU) to 1014 CFU per gram of municipal solid waste. This means pathogens in the environment are increasing in number which will bring various diseases to the humans and animals around. Therefore to lead a sanitary lifestyle disposing the waste materials in an efficient and pathogenic free method is a must. Therefore, the current finding shows that the waste needs to be monitored in an efficient way using modern controllers and needs to be disposed on time which will bring a green and friendly environment.
Keywords— Global system for mobile communication(GSM); Acron RISC machine(ARM)Conrtol; Municipal solid waste(MSW); Control forming units(CFU); Automatic waste management(AWM); Solid waste management(SWM);
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