Journal Title : International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Science

Author’s Name : Arunkumar.G, Bhanu Priya.G, Prof.R.Santhosh Kumar unnamed

Volume 03 Issue 03 2016

ISSN no:  2348-3121

Page no: 10-18

Abstract – The most serious environmental concerns at present have been solid waste management which contributes to disturbing the balance of the environment and that has adverse effects on the health of the society. Detection, monitoring and management of urban wastes are one of the primary problems of the present era. The traditional way of manually monitoring the wastes in waste bins is a complex, cumbersome process and utilizes more human effort, time and cost which is not compatible with the present day technologies in any way. This paper proposes an advanced method in which waste management is automated. Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) and ARM (Acorn RISC Machine) 7 controller is the latest trends and is one of the best combination to be used in the project. To give a brief description of the project, the sensors are placed in the common garbage bins placed at the public places. When the garbage reaches the level of the sensor, then that indication will be given to ARM 7 Controller. The controller will give indication to the driver of garbage collection truck as to which garbage bin is completely filled and needs urgent attention. ARM 7 will give indication by sending SMS using GSM technology. The proposed system would be able to automate the solid waste monitoring process and management of the overall collection process. In addition, we also performed microbial analysis from the municipal solid waste. Leaving municipal solid waste for more than 3 days up to 7 days caused microbial increase from 109 colony forming units (CFU) to 1014 CFU per gram of municipal solid waste. This means pathogens in the environment are increasing in number which will bring various diseases to the humans and animals around. Therefore to lead a sanitary lifestyle disposing the waste materials in an efficient and pathogenic free method is a must. Therefore, the current finding shows that the waste needs to be monitored in an efficient way using modern controllers and needs to be disposed on time which will bring a green and friendly environment. 

Keywords— Global system for mobile communication(GSM); Acron RISC machine(ARM)Conrtol; Municipal solid waste(MSW); Control forming units(CFU); Automatic waste management(AWM); Solid waste management(SWM);


1. Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. Guidance Note: Municipal Solid Waste Management on a Regional Basis. Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India.
2. Assessment of the Status of Municipal Solid Waste Management in Metro Cities, State Capitals, Class I Cities and Class II Towns in India: An Insight . Sunil Kumar, J.K. Bhattacharya, A.N. Vaidya, Tapan Chakrabarti, Sukumar Devotta, A.B. Akolkar. Kolkatta : Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), 2008.
3. Studies on Environmental Quality in and around Municipal Solid Waste Dumpsite. Arun K. Biswas, Sunil Kumar, S. Sateesh Babu, J. K. Bhattacharyya, Tapan Chakrabarti. 2, Kolkata, Nagour : Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 2010.
4. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2009. United States Environmental Protection Agency
5. Solid Waste Management in India: Options and Opportunities. Shuchi Gupta, Krishna Mohan, Rajkumar Prasad, Sujata Gupta, Arun Kansal. 2, s.l. : Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 1998.
6. IL&FS Ecosmart Ltd. City Development Plan: Delhi, Solid Waste Management. Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission October 2006.
7. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India. National Master Plan for Development of Waste-to-Energy in India. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy 2003.
8. The World Bank, 2005. Waste management in China: issues and recommendations. Working Paper. Urban Development Working Papers. East Asia Infrastructure Department, Washington, DC.
9.Hassan, M. N. Chong, T. L., & Rahman. M. M. (2005). Solid Waste Management-What’s The Malaysian Position. Seminar Waste to Energy, Universiti Putra Malaysia.
10. M. Al-Maaded, N. K. Madi, Ramazan Kahraman, A. Hodzic, N. G. Ozerkan , An Overview of Solid Waste Management and Plastic Recycling in Qatar, Springer Journal of Polymers and the Environment, March 2012, Volume 20, Issue 1.
11.Islam, M.S. Arebey, M. ; Hannan, M.A. ; Basri, H,”Overview for solid waste bin monitoring and collection system” Innovation Management and Technology Research (ICIMTR), 2012 International Conference , Malacca.
12. Raghumani Singh, C. Dey, M. Solid waste management of Thoubal Municipality, Manipur- a case study Green Technology and Environmental Conservation (GTEC 2011), 2011 International Conference Chennai.
13. Latifah, A., Mohd, A. A., & NurIlyana, M. (2009). Municipal solid waste management in Malaysia: Practices and challenges. Waste Management.
14. Vicentini, F. Giusti, A., Rovetta, A., Fan, X., He, Q., Zhu, M., & Liu, B. (2008). Sensorized waste collection container for content estimation and collection optimization. Waste Management.
15. “ RFID and Integrated Technologies for Solid Waste Bin Monitoring System . Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2010, June 30 – July 2,Vol I.
16. A. Ohri and P.K. Singh. “Development of decision support system for municipal solid waste management in India: A review.” International Journal of Environmental Sciences 2010.
17. Omoleke, I. I, (2004); “Management of Environmental Pollution in Ibadan, An African City: The Challenges of Health Hazard Facing Government and The People”, J. Hum. Ecol.
18. Ajibade, L. T. et al. (2005): “Quality Evaluation of Packed for Human Consumption in Ilorin, Kwara State”: Proc. Nat. Conf., University of Ilorin.
19. Tchobanaglous, G., Theisen, H., and Eliassen, R.,(1997). “Solid wastes: Engineering principles and management issues”. McGraw Hill publications,New York, USA.
20. Opara, J.A (2008).”Urban Waste Control and Management: Issues and Challenges”. Journal of Environmental Management and Education.
21. Akolkar, A.B. (2005). Status of Solid Waste Management in India, Implementation Status of Municipal Solid Wastes, Management and Handling Rules 2000, Central Pollution Control Board, New Delhi.
22. Anon, 2001. State of Environment- Indian 2001, UNEP.
23. Anon, 2004-2005. Economic Appraisal, Evaluation and Applied Research Department, Government of Tamil Nadu.

Full Pdf-click here