Journal Title : International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Science
Volume 03 Issue 04 2016
ISSN no: 2348-3121
Page no: 90-94
Abstract – Kochi, one of the major cities in Kerala, has emerged as the commercial and industrial capital of Kerala and is perhaps the second most important city on the west coast of India (after Mumbai). Kochi is located on the southwest coast of India, spanning an area of 94.88 square kilometres. The city straddles the backwaters, encompassing the northern end of a peninsula, several islands and a portion of the mainland. The city has a population of around 22 lakhs. Water demand in this urban area continues to grow because of significant population increase. In addition to the demands of rising population, water consumption in the city has shot up by a huge margin with the rise in development projects and construction activities in the city and its suburbs in the last few decades. As there is no proportionate increase in the supply, this leads to acute drinking water shortage. Though the rainfall is high, proximity to the sea and pollution from industrial and domestic sources makes the surface and groundwater not usable, especially in the western parts of Kochi. Water need and water availability are not proportional to rise in population. hat flows in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala, India. It is one of the few perennial rivers in the region and provides drinking water for several major towns. The river is mostly located in Kerala and generates a significant proportion of that state’s electrical power via the Idukki Dam. Due to these reasons, the river has been named the ‘Lifeline of Kerala’. It is the longest river and the river with the largest discharge potential in Kerala. Thus there is a need to need to ensure alternative water supply scheme for Kochi.
Keywords— Water supply schemen; Water Quality Analysis
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