Journal Title : International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Science

Author’s Name : Dr.Philomena George | Nirmal George  unnamed

Volume 03 Issue 06 2016

ISSN no:  2348-3121

Page no: 97-104

Abstract – Hydroponics is a system of agriculture that utilizes nutrient-laden water rather than soil for plant growth.Because it does not require natural precipitation or fertile land in order to be effective, it presents people who are living in rural, urban even arid regions with a means to grow food for themselves and for profit. Aeroponic and hydroponic systems do not require pesticides. They  require less water and space compared to traditional agricultural systems, and it can also be stacked (vertical farming)  in order to limit space use  This makes them optimal for use in cities, where space is particularly limited and populations are high-self-sustaining city-based food systems. This results in reduced strain on distant agriculture farms, transportation costs and fewer carbon emissions. Optimization of land area and the preservation of biodiversity has become the need of the hour in both developing as well as developed countries Hydroponics helps to limit terrestrial biodiversity loss through the reversion of large tracts of current farmland into sustainable and fundamentally natural environments. In short Hydroponic gardens produce the healthiest organic, pesticide free crops with high yields and are consistently reliable.  Hydroponic growing is the best way to overcome global food and water shortages and produce the highest quality, nutritious produce in any type of climate. It is a precise scientific growing method developed from experiment, experience and observation.  The hydroponic growing method provides for reliable, predictable and repeatable, safe food production.

KeywordsHydroponics, Aeroponics, Biodiversity Conservation, sustainable agriculture , drip and flow style, Nutrient Film Technique (NFT),Dutch- Bucket Method, Raft Method, Nutrients, Substratum 


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