Journal Title : International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Science


Author’s Name : Bhuvanesh K V | Hema S unnamed

Volume 03 Issue 08 2016

ISSN no:  2348-3121

Page no: 145-147

Abstract – Pervious concrete has been used for over 30 years. Because of its high porosity, the most common usages have been in the area of storm water management, but have been limited to use in pavements with low volume traffic because of its low compressive strength compared to conventional concrete. Fly ash and glass fibers have been shown in numerous post studies to increase the strength and durability of conventional concrete. In this study, six batches of pervious concrete with different amounts of aggregate, cement, fly ash and glass fibers were prepared to find the mix that generated high compressive strength and study the effect of fly ash on the compressive strength and permeability of pervious concrete. Materials used in this study were selected based on literature reviews and recommendations from local sources. Unconfined compressive strength tests were carried out on pervious concrete specimens with fly ash contents of 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, 30% by weight of the total cementitious materials. Falling head permeability tests were carried out on specimens having 5% and 30% fly ash. The results indicated the pervious concrete containing 5% fly ash can achieve compressive strength greater than 3,000 psi at void content of 10%, and a compressive strength 2,300 psi with a permeability of 0.13 cm/s at a void content of 15%. The pervious concrete with 30% fly ash had a compressive strength of 2,000 psi and the permeability of 0.21 cm/s at a void content of 15.8%. The failure surfaces of specimens with 5% fly ash developed through the coarse aggregates, indicating the high strength of cement bonds. The failure of specimens containing 30% fly ash was observed to be along the coarse aggregates surfaces, indicating a lower strength of the paste. Although it was expected for pervious concrete with 30% fly ash to reach a higher compressive strength at lower void content, the failure mode indicated that it may not reach the value as high as that of pervious concrete with 5% fly ash at the same void content. 

Keywords— Pervious concrete Concrete, Material Properties, Hardened Concrete Properties 


  1. Aitcin, Pierre-Claude, Neville, Adam, How the Water-Cement Ratio Affects Concrete Strength, Concrete International, August 2003, Brown, Dan, Pervious Concrete Pavement: A Win-Win System, Concrete Technology Today, August 2003.
  2. Das, Braja M., Principles of Geotechnical Engineering, 5th ed., Brooks/Cole, California, 2002.
  3. Dietz, M. E. (2007). “Low impact development practices: a review of current research and recommendations for future directions.” Water Air Soil Pollutant.
  4. Ghafoori, Nader, Development of No-Fines Concrete Pavement Applications, Journal of Transportation Engineering.
  5. Ghafoori, Nader, Laboratory Investigation of Compacted No-Fines Concrete for Paving Materials, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, August 1995.
  6. Ghafoori, Nader, Building and Nonpavement Applications of No-Fines Concrete, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, November 1995.
  7. Ghafoori, Nader, Pavement Thickness Design for No-Fines Concrete Parking Lots, Journal of Transportation Engineering, November/December 1995.
  8. Ghassemi ASTM D 5084-03 (2003). “Standard test methods for measurement of hydraulic conductivity of saturated porous materials using a flexible wall permeameter.” ASTM international.
  9. Huang, Yang H., Pavement Analysis and Design, 2nd ed., Prentice Hall, New Jersey,2004.
  10. Kim, H. K., and Lee, H. K. (2010) “Acoustic absorption modeling of porous concrete considering the gradation and shape of aggregates and void content.” Journal of Sound and Vibration.
  11. Klieger, Paul, Further Studies on the Effect of Entrained Air on Strength and Durability of Concrete with Various Sizes of Aggregate , Concrete International, November 2003.
  12. Leming, M.L., Malcom, H.R., and Tennis, P.D., “Hydrologic Design of Pervious Concrete.” EB303, Portland Cement Association, Skokie, Illinois, and National Ready Mixed Concrete Association, Silver Spring, Maryland, 2007.
  13. Malhotra, V.M., No-Fines Concrete – Its Properties and Applications, ACI Journal, November 1976.
  14. Mather, Bryant, How much w in w/cm?, Concrete
  15. Mather, Bryant, Hime, William G., Amount of Water Required for Complete Hydration of Portland Cement, Concrete International, June 2002.
Scroll Up