Journal Title : International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Science


Author’s Name : Muthumanickam S | Vennila A unnamed

Volume 03 Issue 08 2016

ISSN no:  2348-3121

Page no: 148-151

Abstract – The utilization of supplementary cementation materials is well accepted, since it leads to several possible improvements in the concrete composites, as well as the overall economy. The present paper is an effort to quantify the strength of ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) at various replacement levels and evaluate its efficiencies in concrete. Cement with GGBS replacement has emerged as a major alternative to conventional concrete and has rapidly drawn the concrete industry attention due to its cement savings, energy savings, cost savings, environmental and socio-economic benefits. The use of fine materials such as crushed rock powder as a replacement for fine aggregate enhances the property of concrete. Since, concrete is weak in tension hybrid fibers such as asbestos fiber are used to improve the tensile property of the concrete structures. The initial results of experimental programs aimed at producing and evaluating SCC made with GGBFS, crushed rock powder and hybrid fibers are presented and discussed. This research evaluates the strength and strength efficiency factors of hardened concrete, by partially replacing cement by ground granulated blast furnace slag for M30 grade of concrete at a percentage of ( 5-20%) and fine aggregate by crushed rock powder at varying percentage of (30-40). Asbestos fibers were used to increase the tensile strength of concrete. 

Keywords— Self Compacting Concrete, Hardened properties, Material properties, GGBS, crushed rock powder (CRP), asbestos fiber 


  1. YogendraO.Patil (2013),”GGBS as partial replacement of OPC in cement concrete –An Experimental study”, ISSN: 2277-8179, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 2, Issue 11.
  2. Kamran muzaffar khan, Usmanghani ,”effect of blending of portland cement with ground granulated blast furnace slag on the properties of concrete”,29th conference on our world in concrete & structures: 25 – 26 august 2004, Singapore
  3. S.Arivalagan (2014), “sustainable studies on concrete with ggbs as a replacement material in cement”, jordan journal of civil engineering, volume 8, no. 3
  4. Ananthayya M.B., Prema Kumar W. P., Vijay K., (2014)“Effect of Partial Replacement of Sand by Iron Ore Tailing (IOT) and Cement by Ground GranulatedBlast Furnace Slag (GGBFS) on the Compressive Strength of Concrete”, ISSN: 2278-0181, International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), Vol. 3 Issue 8
  5. Nileena M S, Praveen Mathew(2014),” effect of ggbs and gbs on the properties of self-compacting concrete”, ISSN: 2349-2163, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 1, Issue 9.
  6. Manguriu G.N., Karugu C.K., Oyawa W.O., Abuodha S.O. and Mulu P.U. (2013)”partial replacement of natural river sand with crushed rock sand in concrete production”, Global Engineers & Technologists Review, Vol.3 No.4
  7. Nagabhushana and H. Sharadabai , (2011)”Use of crushed rock powder as replacement of fine aggregate in mortar and concrete” ISSN: 0974- 6846 Indian Journal of Science and Technology Vol. 4 No. 8
  8. K Ganesh Babu and V Sree Rama Kumar, ―Efficiency of GGBFS in Concrete, Cement and Concrete Research
  9. TimoWustholz “Fresh Properties of Self Compacting Concrete”, Ott-o-Graf Journal vol. 14, 2003.
  10. Kara P., Korjakins A. and Gulbis R., ―Compressive Strength of Concrete with Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag, 17th International Conference on Mechanics of Composite Materials.
  11. Recommended guidelines for concrete mix design, IS: 10262-2009, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
  12. N. Krishna Raju, Design of concrete mixes, 4th Edition, CBS Publishers, New Delhi.
  13. Ilangovan R and Shanthakumar (2005) Value added utilization of crushed rock dust in concrete. Structural Engineering Convention, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
  14. Jaafer MS, Thanoon WA and Kadir MRA (2002) Strength and durability characteristics of high strength autoclaved stone dust concrete.
  15. Dehwah, H.A.F. (2012): Mechanical Properties of Self-Compacting Concrete Incorporating Quarry Dust, Powder, Silica Fume or Fly Ash, Construction and Building Materials.
  16. Lohani, T.K., Padhi, M. and Jena, S. (2012): Optimum Utilization of Quarry Dust as Partial Replacement of Sand in Concrete, International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering Research.