IJMTES – INVESTIGATION OF TREATMENT OF DISTILLERY SPENT WASH USING SEQUENTIAL BATCH REACTOR

Journal Title : International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Science

Paper Title : INVESTIGATION OF TREATMENT OF DISTILLERY SPENT WASH USING SEQUENTIAL BATCH REACTOR

Author’s Name : V Yogeshwaran
unnamed

Volume 04 Issue 04 2017

ISSN no :  2348-3121

Page no: 322-326

Abstract – Distillery spent wash is the unwanted residual liquid waste generated during alcohol production and pollution caused by it is one of the most critical environmental issue. Despite standards imposed on effluent quality, untreated or partially treated effluent very often finds access to watercourses Effluent originating from distilleries known as spent wash leads to extensive water pollution. A study was conducted to know the quality of effluent generated from the distillery, for the purpose of proper treatment and dilution of effluent before discharge in water stream or on land. The sequencing batch reactor (SBR) is a modified version of activated sludge process designed to operate under non-steady state condition. An SBR operates in a true batch mode with equalization, aeration and sludge settlement all occurring in the same tank. The characteristic of industrial waste water was obtained from sugar mill. The parameters collected are pH value, electrical conductivity, BOD, COD, TSS, TDS, DO, Total hardness, Alkalinity, chloride, and total potassium.

Keywords – Spent wash, Sequential batch reactor, Activated sludge process

References

  1. Eckenfelder, W. W., Jr., Goronszy, M. C., and Quirk, T.P., “The activated sludge process: State of the art”, CRC Crit. Rev. Environ. Control, 15,111,1985
  2. Irvine, R. L.,“Technology assessment of sequencing batch reactor,” Natl. Tec. Inf. Serv., PB85-1672451AS, 1985.
  3. Irvine, R. L., Ketchum, L. H., Jr., Breyfogle, R.E., and Barth, E. F., Municipal application of Sequencing batch treatment at Culver, lndiana, J. Water Pollution Control Fed., 55,484, 1983.
  4. Irvine, R.L., Ketchum, L.H., Jr., Arora, M.L., and Barth, E.F., “An organic loading, study of full-scale sequencing batch reactors”, J. Water Pollution Control Fed., 57,847, 1985.
  5. Irvine, R.L., Murthy, D.V.S., Arora, M.L., Copeman, J.L., and Heidman, J.A. “An analysis of the full-scale SBR at Grundy Center”, Lowa, J. Water Pollution Control Fed., 59, 132, 1987.
  6. Herzbrun, P.A., lrvine, R.L., and Malinowski, K.C., “Biological treatment of hazardous waste in sequencing batch reactors”, J. water pollute. Control Fed.,57,1163, 1985.
  7. Staszack, C.N., Full-scale Demonstration of a Sequencing Batch Reactor for a Hazardous waste Disposal, Report g5-21, New York state Energy Research and Development Authority, Albany, NY 1985.
  8. Irvine, R.L., “Application of Sequencing Batch Reactors for Treatment of Municipal and Industrial Waste waters”, Research Grant, National Science Foundation’s Program of Research Grant, National Science Foundation’s Program of Research Applied to National Needs, July 1976 to April 1979.
  9. Dennis, R.W. and Irvine, R.L., “Effect of fill to react ratio on Sequencing Batch Biological Reactors”, J. Water Pollution Control Fed., 51, 255, 1979.
  10. Irvine, R.L., and Busch, A.W., “Sequencing batch biological reactors- an overview”, J. Water Pollution Control Fed., 51,235, 1979.
  11. Fernandes, L and E. McKyes, 1991, “Theoretical and experimental study of a Sequencial Batch Reactor treatment of liquid swine manure”.Trans. Am.Soc.Agr. Eng. 34(2): 597 -602.
  12. Arora, M.L., et al 1985, “Technology evaluation of sequencing batch reactors”, Journal of the water pollution control federation 57:867.
  13. Deeny, K.J., and J.A. Heidman. 1991. “Implementation of Sequencing Batch Reactor Technology in the United States”. Paper presented at the 64th Annual Meeting of the Water Pollution Control Federation, Toronto, Canada.
  14. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), 1986. Summary Report, Sequencing Batch Reactor. EPA 625/8-86-001. Technology Transfer, Cincinnati, OH.
  15. Mikkelson. K.A., of Aqua- Aerobic System, “Aqua SBR Design Manual”1995.
  16. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., “Waste water Technology Fact Sheet: Sequencing Batch Reactors”, 1999, EPA 832-F-99-073.
  17. Pennsylvania Department of Environmental protection, “SBR Design Criteria” (Draft), 2003.
  18. Yayama, Fujino, Miyamoto and Oonishi, “Sequencing Batch Reactors for Nutrient Removal at small wastewater Treatment plants”, proceedings for 2nd international specialized conference on Design and operation of Small Wastewater Treatment plant, Trondheim, Norway, June 1993, PP237-244.
  19. Shin, Jun, Lee, Lee and Lin., “Optimal operating conditions for Nutrient Removal in the Automatic Controlled Sequencing Batch Reactor”, Proceedings for 2nd International specialized conference on Design and Operation of Small Wastewater Treatment plant, Trondheim, Norway, June 1993, pp 253-260.
  20. Norcross, K.L. “Sequencing Batch Reactions-An overview”. Water science and Technology. vol. 26, no. 9-11. 1992
  21. Metcalf and Eddy, “Wastewater Engineering”, McGraw Hill publications, New York.
  22. Yu, R.F. Liaw, S.L. Chang, C.N. Cheng, W.Y., (1998), “Applying Real-time control to enhance the performance of Nitrogen Removal in Continuous-Flow SBR System”, Wat.Sci. Tech., 38(3), 271_280.9
  23. R.F. Liaw., S.L.Cho, B.C. Yang S.L., (2001),“Dynamic Control of a Continuous inflow SBR with time varying influent Loading”, Wat. Sci.Tech., 43, No.3, 107-114